Varicose Veins

before_after_12Varicose veins are enlarged veins that can be flesh colored, dark purple or blue. They often look like cords and appear twisted and bulging. They are swollen and raised above the surface of the skin. Varicose veins are commonly found on the backs of the calves or on the inside of the leg.

Causes of Varicose Veins

Treatment of Varicose and Spider Veins can help prevent complications such as bleeding, clot formation, inflammation, and damage to the skin that can lead to skin ulceration and infection. Treating the veins can also reduce or eliminate swelling, pain, night cramps, and itching caused by varicose and spider veins. The treatment prevents bleeding in the skin or hemorrhages from ruptured varicose veins. Additionally benefits include: aesthetic improvements, relief from heaviness in the legs, and overall wellbeing.

The heart pumps blood filled with oxygen and nutrients to the whole body. Arteries carry blood from the heart towards the body parts and veins carry oxygen-poor blood from the body back to the heart. There are valves in the veins which prevent the blood from flowing backwards as it moves up the legs. They act as one-way flaps. If the one-way valves become weak, blood can leak down the vein and collect causing a problem called venous insufficiency. Pooled blood enlarges the vein and it becomes varicose.

Symptoms

Some of the most common symptoms associated with varicose veins include heaviness, aching, swelling, fatigue, itching, tingling, or tenderness. Pain is usually described as a dull fullness, ache, or cramping sensation. Varicose veins do not routinely cause sharp, stabbing pains.

Diagnosis

If varicose veins are suspected, your doctor may perform a duplex ultrasound examination to visualize the blood vessels location, size, and shape. He will “map” out the venous system so he can know where all the affected portions of the veins are. This will provide all the information needed to create a comprehensive treatment plan for each individual patient.

Treatments

Following an initial vein screening your physician will be able to determine an individualized treatment plan which may include one or more treatments utilizing the therapies outlined below.

 Endovenous Laser Therapy

 Endovenous Radiofrequency Ablation

 ClariVein Procedure

 Microphlebectomy

 Sclerotherapy